As early as 1845, the Baptist faith was evident and a church was built on East Valley Street. During the1850s all citizens of the same faith worshiped together. Shortly after the Civil War, the building was given to the black worshipers.
About 1907, some interested people saw a need for another Baptist church in Abingdon. Funds were collected, trustees selected and a building was erected on a lot given by Captain Henley M. Fugate in honor of his son, the Rev. Henley Fugate, a Baptist Minister. Interested people of Abingdon of all denominations assisted in the erection of this building. The situation was rather unique in that the church building was erected before there was a congregation. The first meeting was held on October 23, 1910, and the Abingdon Baptist Church was organized. The building has undergone several renovations and expansions.
Abingdon Baptist has a long history of mission activities. For many years, the church has been a leader in mission giving, praying, and going. Sixteen men and women have served as volunteer missionaries in overseas missions. Also, many members have served as volunteers in local, state and home missions. Abingdon Baptist Church is committed to continue to fulfill the Great Commission through active mission participation locally, nationally, and to the utter most ends of the earth.